Judges ought to remember that their office is jus dicere , and not jus dare; interpret law, and not to make law, or give law. …. Judges ought to be more learned than witty, more reverend than plausible, and more advised than confident. Above all things, integrity is their portion and proper virtue. …
First, for the causes or parties that sue. There be judgment that turn judgment into wormwood; and surely there be also that turn it into vinegar, for injustice maketh it bitter, and delays make it sour…..
Secondly, for the advocates and counsel that plead. Patience and gravity of hearing is an essential part of justice; and an overspeaking judge is no well-tuned cymbal. ….
Thirdly, for that concerns clerks and ministers. The place of justice is a hallowed place; and therefore not only the bench, but the foot-pave and precincts and purpose thereof, ought to be preserved without scandal and corruption……
Fourthly, for that which may concern the sovereign and estate. Judges ought above all to remember the conclusion of the Roman Twelve Tables; Salus populi supreme lex (The supreme law of all is the weal of the people.) and to know that laws, except they be in order to that end, are but captious, and oracles not well inspired.
~ Francis Bacon 1561-1626 England Essayist
Historical Age, Renaissance 1400-1650; Astrological Age, Age of Pisces, 1 – 2000; Sun Sign, Aquarius.