These are the laws of justice which Hammurabi the able king has established. That the strong may not oppress the weak, to give justice to the orphan and the widow. I have inscribed my precious words to my stele.
Hammurabi 1792-1750 BCE Babylon King

King of the First Dynasty of Babylon from 1792-1750 BC, he is best known for his code of laws. Its three hundred laws deal in a matter of fact way with exactly the same kinds of legal matters that exist in modern society such as sale and purchase, inheritence, employment, marriage, theft and manslaughter. He united all of Mesopotamia under his reign in Babylon.